5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
In this part of the paper findings of the research had briefly summarized, more condensed and Comprehensive statements had offered in the form of conclusions and recommendations.
5.1 Summary of the major findings
The main purpose of this study was to investigate challenges good governance in Shabe Sombo woreda selected public office. More specifically the study had designed to answer the following research questions: What is the current state of application good governance in Shabe Sombo woreda selected public office? , What are the main challenges (factors) that constrained society to get and participate in good governance? , What are opportunities that help to create awareness on significance and effect of good governance in Woreda?In order to find out answer for the above research questions the study has used questionnaires and interview as the main data gathering tools also document analysis have been used as supplementary instruments to generate additional information. The collected data were analyzed using simple statistical technique such as percentage, charts, and tables. The major findings of such analysis were briefly summarized as flow:-
Challenges facing the leaders in insuring good governance
Concerning Factors influence leaders’ decision to improve good governance hence the majority respondents agreed and strongly agree that Leader’s commitment has own problem and it negatively influences leaders’ decision to improve good governance
This implies that employees in the public organizations tend to believe that Luck of decision making skill of the leaders affect good governance principles.
Majority141(93.3%) of respondents and both the interviewees and FGD participants confirmed that having clear organizational rules and regulation is poor and less transparency in displaying rules and regulation for others that exacerbate bad governance., Majority 129(85.5%)of the respondents agreed and strongly agreed about interference by external bodies influence leaders’ decision to improve good governance.
the majority148(98%) of respondents say,yes, thatdevelopment demand and good governance have a direct relationship to increase to good governance, the majority134(88.5%) of respondents say,Poor implementation capacity of government offices and less awareness Customers were challenges are facing the leaders in insuring good governance 127(84.2%)of the respondents were respondents agreed and strongly agreedKey challenges that must be addressed include: Avoiding excessive legislation and regulation , Giving politics its place in good governance
What are the challenges of good governance principles in implementation?
The majority of the respondents were in disagreement with the respect to proportion of women in key position in the institution was exist, In line with equal treatment to every employees in the organization, on the item bosses are treating every employee in impartial and equal eyes as Employees treat all citizens equally irrespective of people’ status, social rank, etc . This implies that women have been given less attention in sharing of power that leads to equity in the institutions. However, majority of the member of the staff feel that the proportion of women assigning in key positions is necessary. This indicates that bosses are not treating every employee in impartial and equal eyes. This implies that Employees do not treat all citizens equally irrespective of people’ status, social ranked.
In the study area there is the problem of the transparency of governing bodies, the majority of respondents were strongly disagree and disagree while Management flows transparency principle in resource utilization, Concerning Stake holders are participating in budget planning ,the of Stake holders are not participating in budget planning respondents were in the study area. This implies that there is the problem of the transparency. The researcher suggest that To curb these challenges government launched a number of process re-engineering and training programs to improve skills and ensure appropriate good practices in different government institutions. The government on its part is deeply evaluating and taking measures to reverse the deep rooted grievances that created massive public dissatisfaction at various levels. .
The majority or 104(68.9%) of respondent disagreed on the item that says there is a frequent follow up in administration area they agree that there is not frequent follow up in administration area and also supported by an interview and FGD informants added that if society is keeping on participation in different public dealings then surely they can get the expected result and it can increases the communities’ confidence level and helps to know their environment in a better way. .
Concerning material utilization, maintenance and purchasing system about 118 (78.2%) of the respondents were disagreed and. This shows that still there was a problem in purchasing system, maintenances and utilization of material. Concerning budget plan preparation and its management the above table shows that about 127 (84.1%) of the respondents were disagreed. This implied that the budget use was less managed. These shows that still there were knowledge and skill gap among the administrators of the study area.
The respondents were also requested to evaluate the current complaint handling system that ensures effectiveness and efficiency of good governance. Majority the total respondents 79 (52.3%) and 22(52.3%) strongly disagree and disagree respectively on the item that says there is less proper complaint handling system for anybody. This indicates majority of the respondents have not satisfied with practices of complaint handling system for anybody.
The table4.10 above shows that about 69 (45.7%) of respondents were strongly disagree and the other 25(16.6%) of respondents’ disagreed on the accountability, it confirmed that there is no accountability. Regarding to following accountability in line with having adequate knowledge on polices, principles, and procedures as indicated in table above, about 80( 53.0% )of the respondents’ were strongly disagreed on its well-practiced and about 41(27.2% )were disagreed
What opportunities are there to improve effective governance?
.Thus, the majority of the respondents answer yes there is so many opportunities it is possible to deduce that the greatest concern given for good governance by the government at the country level, strong implementation of the tools of management like BPR and BSC, determination of leadership in taking initiation to realize the principles of good governance, and formation of different groupings and its effective implementation in the process of providing efficient and effective services to the customers are the major opportunities that can effectively be used by the public sectors in the woreda to the realization and success of good governance. Identifying the major challenges of good governance and suggesting solutions to cure these challenges is very important in deepening the principles and providing efficient and effective services to the customers and stakeholders of public sectors Identifying the major challenges of good governance and suggesting solutions to cure these challenges is very important in deepening the principles and providing efficient and effective services to the customers and stakeholders of public sector.