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Adoption Research Proposal
ASC301
Dr. Sadia ShaukatRima Nahouli ID:1056146Malake El-Zaghni ID:1047592Contents
Introduction……………………………………………………. Problem Statement…………………………………………….

Objective of study……………………………………………
Reasons to choose…………………………………………….

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Significance of the study………………………………………
Research Questions……………………………………………

Definition of terms…………………………………………… Review of the literature………………………………………….

Methodology……………………………………………………
Survey design………………………………………………….

Data analysis and Results………………………………………
Conclusion……………………………………………..……….

References……………………………………………………..

Proposal on Adoption
Literature Review
This research includes distinctive perspectives researched with regards to adoption that were looked into various examinations completely. These perspectives include the meaning of adoption, adoption in Islam, adoption intentions, types of adoptions, encounters of adoption, adopted legends, and significance of adoption. This research endeavors to recognize and endeavor these perspectives.

Introduction
Adoption is a procedure by which an individual turns into the lawful guard of a youngster. The adoption procedure brings about ending parental privileges of birth guardians. The new parent will have the duties and rights of a parent, after the reception procedure. In general, to adopt a youngster, one must meet the capabilities under the laws of his/her state because adoption laws are state-particular. Adoption laws vary significantly from a state to state. Although few states forbid adoption by minors, others particularly accommodate grown-up adoption.
In spite of the way that the utmost basic reason is a longing to produce or expand a family, the specific reasons that influence each adoption to vary. Some new parents that are adoptive grasp selection since they are useless (therapeutically unfit to convey adolescents). One/ or two companions in a family that is adoptive, may be unproductive (unfertile). The most generally perceived reason a female may be infertile is her age. However, the male fertility has a tendency to stay fit in the old stage of development (age), female production begins to deteriorate at/or about a woman’s thirty-fifth birthdate, and by the age of forty-five or so, it may be essentially incomprehensible for a woman to think regularly. This issue has gone to winding up progressively and seriously typical of giving the broad number of women who have put off having a family to the extent where they set up occupations. Unfertile partners that seek after adoption may have no youngsters or may have current youngsters they considered when they were more youthful.

In the case before, the adoptive parents might have battled for quite a long time to notice a birth, yet in the end, be compelled to the belief that they can’t have their own youngster because of infertility. In spite of the fact that does not stop their want to raise children and settle on the choice to adopt.
In the final case, the adoptive parents might desire to have a predominant family than they presently do, and not be able to achieve this unquestionably because of infertility. Moreover, the adoptive parents may particularly desire to include in their family, either a boy or a girl. Infertility is not the main for adoption or inspiration. Some new parents may have discovered that while they can have a youngster that is biological, can be under threat of experiencing genuine medical or hereditary conditions thus pick not to attempt a normal pregnancy. Or else, a conceivable birth mother will most likely be unable to take a normal pregnancy because of her own wellbeing challenges; as well as, pick adoption over the of pregnancy’s danger.

Such a belief in the goodness of saving a child through adoption often has its origin in adoptive parent’s religious, ethical, and/or emotional feelings and their desire to make the world a better place, even if only for a single child or a few children. In this case, adoption is a means of saving the world, one child at a time. Still other adoptive guardians choose adoption because they lack a suitable partner. It takes inherited material from both a man and a woman in order to produce a feasible baby. Single people and conventional homosexual partners may choose to adopt a child rather than use a sperm donor or substitute mother to produce a natural child.
KATHRYN PATRICELLI, MA JAN 22, 2007
A few families decide to adopt, the fact that they assume they’ll save a youngester who generally wouldn’t be raised up with the advantages of a family that is sympathetic and minding. Such a confidence in the integrity of sparing a youngster through selection frequently has its starting point in new parent’s religious, moral, as well as enthusiastic sentiments and their craving to improve the world a place, regardless of whether just for a solitary kid or a couple of kids. For this situation, appropriation is a methods for sparing the world, one tyke at any given moment. Still other supportive gatekeepers pick selection since they do not have an appropriate accomplice. It takes acquired material from both a man and a lady so as to create a practical child. Single individuals and traditional gay accomplices may embrace a youngster as opposed to utilize a sperm contributor or substitute mother to create a characteristic kid.
– KATHRYN PATRICELLI, MA JAN 22, 2007
Adoption in Islam is prohibited as it affects the family ancestry. Islam does not say that we should not take this issue into consideration but instead it allows Muslims to look after orphans and take care of children but not to adopt.

However, there are many couples that want to adopt a child because they want to help and give support to them, to give them a feeling of care and to build a family. Many families they have children, but they also adopt such as in Europe. For instance, new married couple adopted a new baby born, and they said that the moment they saw her it was unforgettable, she was tiny like a little dolly, and she looked at them and smiled.

There are common challenges and problems of adoption. Adoption can be either closed or open. In a closed adoption, the birthparents and the adopter don’t know each other, while an open adoption is where adoptive parents have at least some contact with the birthparents. Adopting a child is a joyous occasion for the whole family, although it can lead to a multitude of challenges and problems, specific to the country’s law and unique to your family. There are some common adoption problems and challenges associated with it. There are financial challenges, legal challenges, Intercountry adoption, health challenges, emotional challenges, cultural challenges, and ethical challenges.

The persons seeking adoption must file a petition for adoption along with an affidavit in the court. The court will conduct a background investigation of the adoptive parent. After the investigation procedure there will be a hearing and the judge will make an adoption order considering the best interest of the child. An order of adoption legally transmits all parental rights and responsibilities and custody from the child’s parents to the adoptive parents.
Legends who were adopted
Inner strength and leadership qualities are not passed through genes, but are picked up from those who teach you to deal the toughest of situations with love and patience. Those who had an immense influence on them, such, that made them a part of human history, adopted some of world’s greatest legends.

Nelson Mandela – Born Rolihlahla Mandela, Nelson aged just seven, watched his biological father dying of tuberculosis, and being sent off by his mother to the “Great Place” in at Mqhekezweni, under the guardianship of Thembu regent, Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo. He and his wife Noengland raised Nelson along with their kids, Justice and Nomafu. Under the positive influence of Jongintaba, he developed interest in studies particularly in African history. Who knew that one day he would get freedom for his nation…Steve Jobs – The man, who would one day change the face of technology, was given up for adoption by his biological mother with the fear of bringing shame onto her family. Abdulfattah ‘John’ Jandali, Steve’s biological father was a Syrian Muslim, and could not marry his mother Joanne Schieble (a catholic), due to her father’s tyranny. After his birth, Steve was placed in the care of adoptive parents Paul and Clara Jobs, on a condition that Steve would attend college. Jandali once said, “no one can replace Paul and Clara in Steve’s live”.

John Lennon – John Winston Lennon, a.k.a John Lennon was born to Julia and Alfred Lennon, who later separated, when John’s father went missing for over six months. Unable to take care of him, Julia handed over John to his sister Mimi and her husband George Smith. Together the childless couple raised him as there one of their own. Later, the couple legally adopted him, but John kept his surname ‘Lennon’.

Rajesh Khanna – He ruled Bollywood from 60’s till 80’s, and yet his essence continues to linger. But for Rajesh Khanna a.k.a Jatin Khanna, childhood was not spent in the arms of his biological parents. The man, who went on to be Bollywood’s first ever “Superstar”, was raised by foster parents, Chunni Lal Khanna and Leela Wati Khanna.

Marilyn Monroe – Marilyn was very young when her biological mother Gladys Pearl, gave her up to a foster family, Bolenders. When Gladys, suffered a nervous breakdown, Marilyn was declared a ward of state. One of her mother’s friends Grace McKee Goddard took her into care; she became her legal guardian in 1936. Under Grace’s guardianship, Monroe went from being a naïve orphan to one of world’s most beautiful and iconic legend.

Celebrities that are known for adoption
Michael Jackson is not the biological father of his children. According to Nick Allen in Los Angeles and Anita Singh “His ex-wife Debbie Rowe gave birth to the singer’s two elder children, Prince Michael and Paris, during their three-year marriage. Jackson’s youngest child, Prince Michael II, was born to an unnamed surrogate. The paternity of the children born to Miss Rowe has long been questioned as both are light-skinned, fair-haired and have blue eyes. It was claimed by TMZ, the celebrity website that broke news of Jackson’s death, that a sperm donor was used. It has also been reported in the US media that Miss Rowe was not the biological mother and that she was a surrogate using donated eggs. However, Miss Rowe’s lawyer Marta Almli said the suggestion was “hurtful and insidious”. She added: “Ms. Rowe is the biological mother of the two eldest children.” On Monday, Jackson’s mother, Katherine, 79, was granted temporary custody of the three children and lodged an application to become their legal guardian.”
Angelina Jolie the famous Hollywood actress that became known for her charities and good thoughts. She became the idol for most people from her goodness. Angelina Jolie became a mum for the 1st time when she adopted a baby boy from Cambodia in March 2002. He was born on 5 August 2001, Originally named Rath Vibol, Angelina re-named her adopted son Maddox Chivan after she adopted him from his orphanage in Battambang, Cambodia.
Pax Thien born 29 November 2003, in Vietnam, adopted on March 15, 2007, by Angelina Jolie
Zahara Marley born 8 January 2005, in Ethiopia, adopted July 6, 2005, by Angelina Jolie
Shiloh Nouvel born 27 May 2006, in Namibia. Shiloh is Angelina and Brad’s first biological child
Twins Knox Leon and Vivienne Marcheline, born 12 July 2008. Knox and Vivienne are Brad and Angelina’s second and third biological children
Objectives of study
Common forms of adoption are domestic adoption, open adoption and closed adoption. Domestic adoptions are adoption by caretaker relatives and stepparents. A caretaker relative must be a person who is within the 5th degree of kinship to a child by blood or adoption. In adoption laws, to count a man as a child’s father, he must be the legal father. A legal father is a man married to the child’s mother when the child was conceived or born.

Relative caretakers like grandparents or stepparents can also become legal parents to a child by the process of adoption. Grandchild adoption gives grandparents all the rights and responsibilities of a parent in the eyes of the law. Stepparent adoption is a process by which a stepparent or a new partner of a biological parent becomes the legal parent.

Reasons to choose
The main cause we chose this subject is because we want to prove to all individuals out there that adoption is a very nice process to take part in. You can assist homeless children with having a caring and a loving family that all kids require, by simply just adopting. All ladies want to come across getting to be moms, so it can likewise help ladies that couldn’t give birth.

Importance of the study
Each year more than 20,000 children age out of the U.S. foster care system without being adopted. That means they enter adulthood with no support, no family, no dad to walk a girl down the aisle, no man to model being a father, no home to go to at the holidays… this happens here in the states, but all over the world, too. A person who adopted a child from Russia told of driving through the town near the orphanage and seeing the young teen girls, the ones without families and without a way to support themselves, lining up for men to come pick them up for prostitution services. The interpreter explained to that person that this was typical for the girls who aged out of the system there; the boys didn’t fare much better, as most ended up in gangs.

Research Question
“How do the distinctive choices of nonrelative and kinship adoption influence the youth ?”Problem statement
The problem statement of adoption is that in a closed adoption, no individual data should be swapped. The new parent will be uninformed of the adoptee’s family history. Oppositely, in an open adoption, the recognizing data of adoptive parents and birth parents are swapped and there will be cooperation between the adopted individual and normal guardians. Yet, this is liable to an end by the new parent. Adoptive and normal parents will go into a bargain relating to all rights regarding parental rights, child’s care, visits, etc.
For a valid adoption, parental consent to adoption is an essential condition. When a parent provides his/her free unconditional agreement to their child’s adoption it is known as placement by consent. There are state specific laws regarding the form and procedure of placement by consent. Some state laws require the consent of the child to be adopted if the child is of a certain age.

For a legitimate selection, parental agree to appropriation is a fundamental condition. At the point when a parent gives his/her free unequivocal consent to their kid’s selection it is known as situation by assent. There are state particular laws with respect to the frame and method of situation by assent. Some state laws require the assent of the tyke to be received if the tyke is of a particular age.

Methodology
This study follows the quantitative research approach with survey questionnaire. The questions were in the form of web surveys. This study chose a random sample of adults in UAE. The questionnaire was distributed among 100 adults with different opinions and knowledge. This questionnaire of this study contains 15 close-ended questions. The survey was created online using www.surveymonkey.com and questions were distributed via a link to the people. However, the objective was to determine whether adults are aware of the concept of adoption, main reason why people adopt, does the age and gender matter when it comes to adoption, and will the children accept the fact that they are adopted when they grow up. Nevertheless, this study computed the data collected through evaluating the percentages and frequencies of responses to each question to meet the objective of the research.

Conclusion
To conclude, while more of what is talked about previously on the hard issues of adoption, it is essential to have an adjusted view. There is a great power to be recognized for adoption. Firstly, the guardians need youngsters and all adoptions are arranged. Secondly, new parents have exhibited essential ability in psychological wellness, critical thinking abilities, and inspiration by effectively finishing a study at home to adopt. Thirdly, an extensive meaning of “family” through “adoption” increases awareness that connections build up families, not really science. In the case study, discussions were analyzed and demonstrate that adoption is a challenging method regardless of the considerable number of advantages related to safeguarding a youngster from a harmful domain. Hence, it’s the guardians’ decision to choose whether they want to adopt or not to adopt a youngster. Guardians should consider all advantages and disadvantages of adoption before taking the last choice.

References
http://seejamieblog.com/why-is-adoption-so-important/https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/adoption/https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/adoptionhttps://www.mentalhelp.net/articles/choosing-to-adopt/http://www.momjunction.com/articles/problems-and-challenges-of-adoption_00382395/#grefhttp://dubai.ae/en/Lists/Articles/DispForm.aspx?ID=31&category=Citizenshttps://www.thenational.ae/uae/for-uae-expats-adopting-child-from-abroad-can-be-swifter-than-at-home-1.166295https://www.uslegalforms.com/adoption/
https://www.speakingtree.in/allslides/power-of-adoption-5-great-legends-who-were-adopted-603493/rajesh-khannahttp://www.madeformums.com/news-and-gossip/angelina-jolie-brad-pitt-and-children—family-facts/12291.htmlhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/michael-jackson/5706071/Michael-Jackson-not-biological-father-of-his-children.html

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