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Children in this age have a better understanding of language and communication skills and will learn to stop speaking and listen to what the other person has to say, and really think about how they’re going to respond.
Key stage 3 – 11- 16 year olds
Young people at this phase use formal and informal language when interacting, they will know and recognize how to converse with people better. Teenagers tend to become more shy and nervous when having to speaking out in front of people due to them being self conscious or worried about what people may think and get embarrassed if they get it wrong. You will have to support them to talk and giving them more time to do so.
There are many resemblances between communicating with adults and children ; young people, such as constantly upholding eye contact and attention, answering to what has been said, treating people with good manners and respect. Nevertheless, we should remember that we ought to take on different approaches depending on who we are speaking with. When communicating with children ; young people, we must try to be very apparent and clear-cut in what we declare. We need to speak clearly, what is anticipated from them, in order for them to learn to communicate well themselves. Complex language should not be used and long lists/directions best be avoided, seeing that these make conversation complicated to grasp. Being serene and positive are vital. It is key to confirm a child or young person has understood what has been said to them. Children of different ages will necessitate different approaches, and this may be as straightforward as changeable pitch of speech and adapting vocabulary. Commonly, younger children will need more assurance and physical contact. As a child matures, they might call for help with talking through issues and repeating their thoughts. It is extremely vital to show an importance in what pupils are saying and support them in school activities.
Whilst working in schools we come across communication difficulties often and it is significant we try to aim and mend these issues as soon as possible seeing that it could have an effect on the child’s academic development and even physical development. As there are more and more children who use English as their 2nd language are attending schools that utilize English as a 1st Language. This may perhaps be a setback as some children might struggle with the English Language. Various schools have multilingual employees on board to assist non-English speaking parents, as communication is very important. Nonetheless during school hour’s children are expected to only speak English, not their own 1st language, only if it is totally essential.
Several children could have hearing impairment. Some schools use Makaton and in addition have the loop system in place to permit improved communication. If a young child has a hearing impairment then they will automatically concentrate and lip read as hard as they can. If a child has difficulty hearing, talk slowly and with apparent enunciation so they can read your lips clearly.

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