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The Congo rainforest, the tropical rainforest of the African Congo Basin, is second only to the tropical rainforest of theAmazon Basin in South America . It is known as the “second lung of the earth” and its land area of more than half of the tropical rainforest is more than 2.3 million square kilometers. 54% of them are covered by forests. This is a tectonic basin with a thickly sedimentary rock that is largely undisturbed at the bottom, forming a flat and monotonous topography. Only some of the sporadic low cliffs caused by faults break this monotonous landscape to some extent.
Sedimentary rocks are deposited in the inner lake. Later, due to the rise of the earth’s crust, the original Congo River (Zaire River) cut through the western edge of the basin, and the inner lake gradually disappeared. Today, the two great lakes in the southwestern part of the basin are its remnants. The basin is surrounded by slopes of adjacent plateaus, and its basement crystalline rocks are widely exposed.
In these areas, whole crops are based on their relationship with the forest. Tens of millions of people depend on it for food, medicinal plants or energy supplies. Congo (Golden) is rich in 25 kinds of precious wood such as ebony , mahogany , ash wood , rosewood and yellow lacquer wood. The EU ‘s environmental and forest expert in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Filippo Salak, told Xinhua News Agency: “In this country, the ongoing war has caused millions of displaced people. They fled into the forest area and used the fire to burn the forest to open up the land. Planting crops, which puts great pressure on the forest ecology.” It is a tropical rainforest climate with high temperature and rain. The annual average temperature is 25-27 °C, and the annual precipitation is 1500-2000 mm. The tropical rain forest is widely distributed, and there are precious trees such as ebony , mahogany, ebony and rosewood. The soil is dominated by brick red soil and red soil
A major role in the fight against is climate change. Deforestation is one of the major causes of climate change. On the one hand, because fewer forests are less CO2 absorbed and trapped by these ecosystems, so more CO2 in the atmosphere. On the other hand, because of cutting trees, the forest industry releases CO2 stored by these trees. In the end, up to 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions are due to deforestation. It’s more than the entire transport sector.
The presidents of the seven Central African countries said on February 6, 2005 in Brazzaville , the capital of the Republic of Congo , that they will actively take measures to establish a regional organization to protect the species diversity of the Congo Basin. Cameroon President Biya , Gabonese President Bongo , Equatorial Guinean President Obiang , Chad President Derby, Congo (Kinshasa) President Kabi at the closing ceremony of the second session of the Central African Forest Ecosystem La, President of the Central African Republic Bozizé and Congo (Brazzaville) President Sassou signed a resolution committing to protect the biodiversity and its ecosystems in the Congo Basin.

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