” Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves”
~ Abraham Lincoln~ (www.brainyquote.com)
In the summer of July 1862, Abraham Lincoln is the president who saved the Union and abolished slavery. He brought up the idea of issuing the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet members and many of them were worried that this was too much since the Civil war had just begun in 1861 not long after he became our 16th president. He said the war was not about slavery that it was about rebuilding the Union. Abraham Lincoln took his time until he gained enough support needed to back him up. He told the cabinet, he would issue this, and he would also exempt the border-states which had slaveholders but stayed loyal to the Union. The cabinet members ask the president to wait until Union had a victory before he announced the E.P., Abraham Lincoln got his opportunity almost a week later on September 22, 1862 after the Battle of Antietam won. This meant all slaves would be free from the Confederate states, this did not apply to the states who had not left the Union states or the border-states. This Proclamation changed the status of more than 3 million slaves in the U.S to be free and changes in the civil war was a fight against slavery. (www.history.com)
I’m going to explain how Abraham Lincoln did not give up on issuing the Emancipation Proclamation after it being turned down by the cabinet members once, he continued until the timing was right and he did this after the victory of the Antietam once this was passed it meant slavery would be over and the Union could rebuild itself as a nation and this meant blacks had equal rights just like the white people. I believe he was a strong man and once he had his mind set he was going to do it, he did not agree with slavery and wanted to stop it but had to take his time and not rush it. If he was not familiar with it, he self-educated himself on it until he did know he educated himself on many other obstacles throughout his life. This helped him learn how to be able to free the slaves in the confederate states.
Abraham Lincoln was born near Hodgenville, Kentucky on February 12, 1809. He had a sister named Sarah who was 2 years older than him and a brother named Thomas who had passed away as an infant. Lincoln lost his mother to a milk illness at the age of nine. His father remarried a year later, and Lincoln became very close to his step-mother they had a very caring and loving relationship that lasted for many years. She was the one who encouraged him to self-educate himself by using books and studying them.
The age of twenty-one, him and his family relocated to Illinois. There he did odd jobs for money. He tried going in business running a small store with a partner and that business failed. In 1832, he was the captain of a military unit, but he never had to go to battle. During the black hawk war, he met John Stuart who was big in politics. Stuart showed Lincoln the loops to get through and let him use law books to study to become a lawyer. In 1836, Lincoln established a license to practice law he did a lot of business with the Illinois Railroad. In 1836,38 and 1840 he won elections for the Illinois General Assembly for U.S. Senator. On November 4, 1842, he married his wife Mary Todd they had 4 children together only one of them lived to see adulthood. During these years he didn’t stay in office, he continued as a lawyer. Then 1857 he ran for U.S Senator again and lost he knew then a democrat would be elected unless politics united together.
Since the 1830’s abolitionists which favored slavery everywhere in the United States. Many people like Lincoln did not agree with the separation and sections caused by abolitionists, slaveholding states were mainly in the southern states Louisiana, Virginia, Alabama and several more. In 1858, Lincoln ran against Stephan Douglas a rival, Lincoln spoke out about the expansion of slavery but did not win the campaign. On March 1861 he ran for President and was elected being favored in the northern states and became our 16th President of the United States. Confederates looked at it like it was a violation of their constitutional rights. Northern states were the ones that remained loyal to the U.S., including the border states where slavery was legal, they invested in railroads, factories, transportation, and banking. Southerners invested their money in slaves and cotton, value of slaves and cotton went up by 1860 and the south was very wealthy. Due to uncompromising differences between free and slave states, seven slave’s states in the south formed their own nation and become the Confederate states. This is what lead up to the war at Fort Sumter Confederate army try to claim the fort for themselves, so Lincoln was afraid of losing part of the country and he felt he must send 75,000 troops after the Confederates fired at Fort Sumter on April 1861, so he called in his army, four more states slave states joined the Confederacy. Fort Sumter was a symbol of federal authority. Social and economic differences between the north and south, federal and state rights and then slavery became a major issue during this time. On April 12th the civil war begins this war it was known as one of the bloodiest, largest and most destructive war’s. It was also one of the greatest war’s known in history it lasted for four intense years and was mostly fought in the south. Union vs Confederates (North vs South) in the beginning this war was about the attack on Fort Sumter, but soon became a fight to preserve the Union while the Confederacy was fighting for independence and the right to keep slavery in the south. Lincoln said the war was about restoring the Union and was not about slavery. He avoided any anti-slavery proclamations right away. Despite Republicans and the abolitionists, and his beliefs on slavery like his father he was also against slavery. He took his time and waited and gained the support he needed from the public and his cabinet members.
Up until September 1862 war was about preserving the Union. When Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freedom for slaves became the main target. Southern states used slaves to support their army, Lincoln justified the E.P. as a fit war measure to hurt the Confederacy’s use of slaves in the war. This was only applied to the southern states in rebellion. In July 1862 was the first time he proposed this idea to the cabinet members that he was going to issue this, but it would exempt the border-states. The cabinet did not want him to announce this right away, Lincoln stuck through it and was content with that. He knew that this would be done and that was his commitment to the Proclamation, and the victory of the Antietam resulted in a draw and this was enough to push Confederates out of Maryland and enough for the victory. Many battles went on over the years Shiloh in
” Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves”